Abetment of a thing is defined under section 107 of ipc. Provisions under IPC section 107 explained here:

What is Section 107 IPC:

A person abets the doing of a thing, who:

First.—Instigates any person to do that thing; or

Secondly.—Engages with one or more other person or persons in any conspiracy for the doing of that thing, if an act or illegal omission takes place in pursuance of that conspiracy, and in order to the doing of that thing; or

Thirdly.—Intentionally aids, by any act or illegal omission, the doing of that thing.

Explanation 1.—A person who, by wilful misrepresentation, or by wilful concealment of a material fact which he is bound to disclose, voluntarily causes or procures, or attempts to cause or procure, a thing to be done, is said to instigate the doing of that thing.

Illustration A, a public officer, is authorised by a warrant from a Court of Justice to apprehend Z, B, knowing that fact and also that C is not Z, wilfully represents to A that C is Z, and thereby intentionally causes A to apprehend C. Here B abets by instigation the apprehension of C.

Explanation 2.—Whoever, either prior to or at the time of the commission of an act, does anything in order to facilitate the commission of that act, and thereby facilitates the commission thereof, is said to aid the doing of that act.

Section 107 IPC Explanation:

  • Abetment is to prompt any person to do something or
  • indulge with one or more persons in any conspiracy for doing something and that act which took place or failure to act  in pursuance of the conspiracy that took place.
  • Intentionally helping by doing the   act or omission (failure to act) due to which the offence occurred.

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