Accident in doing a lawful act is defined under section 80 of ipc. Provisions under IPC section 80 explained here:
What is Section 80 IPC:
Nothing is an offence which is done by accident or misfortune, and without any criminal intention or knowledge in the doing of a lawful act in a lawful manner by lawful means and with proper care and caution.
- A is at work with a hatchet; the head flies off and kills a man who is standing by. Here, if there was no want of proper caution on the part of A, his act is excusable and not an offence.
Section 80 IPC Explanation:
This section means it’s no offence if a person doing an act with proper care and caution an in good faith without any criminal intent and someone get’s hurt or accident happens, he can take exception of this section. For eg, two men playing kushti with proper care & caution without any ill intent and then if one of them sccums injury during that which kills him other person won’t be liable.