Act done in good faith for benefit of child or insane person, by or by consent of guardian is defined under section 89 of ipc. Provisions under IPC section 89 explained here:

What is Section 89 IPC:

Nothing which is done in good faith for the benefit of a person under twelve years of age, or of unsound mind, by or by consent, either express or implied, of the guardian or other person having lawful charge of that person, is an offence by reason of any harm which it may cause, or be intended by the doer to cause or be known by the doer to be likely to cause to that person:

Provisos— Provided—

(1) That this exception shall not extend to the intentional causing of death, or to the attempting to cause death;

(2) That this exception shall not extend to the doing of anything which the person doing it knows to be likely to cause death, for any purpose other than the preventing of death or grievous hurt, or the curing of any grievous disease or infirmity;

(3) That this exception shall not extend to the voluntary causing of grievous hurt, or to the attempting to cause grievous hurt, unless it be for the purpose of preventing death or grievous hurt, or the curing of any grievous disease or infirmity;

(4) That this exception shall not extend to the abetment of any offence, to the committing of which offence it would not extend.

Illustrations:

  1. A, in good faith, for his child’s benefit without his child’s consent, has his child cut for the stone by a surgeon knowing it to be likely that the operation will cause the child’s death, but not intending to cause the child’s death. A is within the exception, in as much as his object was the cure of the child.

Section 89 IPC Explanation:

This section means any act which is done by a person in good faith for benefit of a child (under 12 year) or an insane with the consent of his guardian (lawful incharge) will not be an offence under this section.First : this section shall not be applied to cases where their is intentional death or an attempt of causing death. Second : this exception shall not extend to the part where it might cause death or grevious death, but can be applied to prevent grevious hurt or curing of any grevious disease.  Third : This exception shall not extend to voluntary causing of grevious hurt, or attempt to cause grevious hurt, but can be appilied where it’s been done in order to prevent grevious hurt or in order to cure any grevious disease. Fourth : This exception shall not extend to abetting of any offence.


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