Exclusion of acts which are offences independently of harm cause is defined under section 91 of ipc. Provisions under IPC section 91 explained here:

What is Section 91 IPC:

The exceptions in sections 87, 88 and 89 do not extend to acts which are offences independently of any harm which they may cause, or be intended to cause, or be known to be likely to cause, to the person giving the consent, or on whose behalf the consent is given.


  1. Causing miscarriage (unless caused in good faith for the purpose of saving the life of the woman) is offence inexpediently of any harm which it may cause or be intended to cause to the woman. Therefore, it is not an offence “by reason of such harm”; and the consent of the woman or of her guardian to the causing of such miscarriage does not justify the act.

Section 91 IPC Explanation:

This sections means exceptions which are given under section 87, 88, 89 does not cover the offences which independently cause harm or intended to cause harm or is likely to cause harm to the person who gives consent or on behalf of whom consent is given.

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